Year 4 Music June 18th

I hope you are finding the time to play your brass instruments. Here are more tunes for you, of varying difficulty. Do let me know if you find them tricky. They include:

Frere Jacques, This old man, Polly Wolly Doodle and Kookaburra.

I have also included some exercises to help the trumpets and cornets strengthen their fingers. The trombones can practice playing G-C-G on first position, then play the same on second, third and fourth positions. The sound will move downwards as the slide gets longer. Try this tongued, then slurred and keep blowing between notes.

Download (PDF, 1.23MB)


Looking back in history at the predecessors of our modern brass instruments, the Vikings played cow-horns or goat-horns by blowing down the narrow end. The people in the Viking age would bore holes into one of these horns, a bit like a flute.

A horn like this would typically have four to five holes in them, but it was not always something that you could decide for yourself, the length of the horn could vary a lot from horn to horn. This horn in the image is a replica of the cows horn from Västerby in Sweden.

Some horns did not have any holes in them, and were merely used as a ‘blast horn’ (to frighten enemies), but there is no archaeological evidence for this, however, there are depictions of it on the Bayeux tapestry, which were made shortly after the battle at Hastings in 1066.×338-1.jpg

There was also another trumpet-like instrument made out of wood, called a lur, which was about 106 cm long. It was made of wood that has been split in two, hollowed out and banded together tightly with willow bands and whistles made of bone.×338-1.jpg

What other type of instruments do we know that they played?

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